Addiction can happen to anyone. The chance of a person becoming addicted depends on the drug used, the duration of use, the person’s family history, genetics, and mental health. Crack cocaine, also known simply as crack, is a highly addictive drug that is smoked, which causes immediate euphoric effects. A person can become addicted to crack after just one use. People who use crack often become engaged in risky, dangerous, and reckless behavior.
Erik MacLaren, PhD wrote for DrugAbuse.com and stated, “Crack, like all forms of cocaine, is an addictive drug. Smoking crack causes an immediate, intense high that wears off very quickly—usually within 10 to 15 minutes after the last use.” The intense and short-term high causes a person to use several times a day. Crack addiction causes changes in a person’s physical health, behavior, and mental health.
Physical signs of crack addiction include dilated pupils, weight loss, lack of appetite, and deterioration in physical appearance. Some behavioral symptoms are lack of interest in activities, a decline in motivation, financial problems, and changes in relationships. Some psychological signs are irritability, aggression, mood changes, and paranoia just to name a few. Crack addiction can cause financial difficulties, job loss, personal relationship issues, family problems, and even incarceration.
According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research at University of Maryland, “Because crack cocaine works on the brain’s system of reward and punishment, withdrawal symptoms occur when the drug’s effects wear off. These symptoms can include depression, irritability, extreme fatigue, anxiety, an intense craving for the drug, and sometimes even psychosis.“
Behavioral therapies are used to treat crack addiction. Some therapies use incentives to reward people for drug abstinence. The person suffering from addiction receives some type of reward for drug-free tests and achieves goals set by treatment professionals. For example, the incentives are motivational and might include points that accumulate over a short time for a reward.
Other therapies help the patient to recognize their triggers such as people associated with their crack use and places where the crack was used. Treatment specialists can help identify a plan to help the patient cope, offer suggestions, and develop a plan for ongoing therapy after treatment ends.
Crack is a powerful drug, and crack addiction is treatable. Supportive family and friends can encourage their loved one through the recovery process and when treatment ends. Recovery is possible.
If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, get help today. Nexus Recovery Services specializes in addiction treatment and encompasses holistic therapy for the mind, body, and soul with a focus on staying active and connected to nature. Our mission is to provide tools and support for every client’s seamless transition into a meaningful and fulfilling life of sobriety. We offer a free and confidential consultation. Call us to get started: 888-855-6877